LinkBot

De Wikipast
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Description

  • Le LinkBot parcoure les articles de Wikipast et recherche pour chacun d'entre eux un article correspondant sur Wikipedia en français. Pour chaque correspondance trouvée, il ajoute à la fin de l'article Wikipast une section Wikipedia contenant le lien vers la page Wikipedia, uniquement si celle-ci n'est pas encore présente dans la page. Les articles Wikipast parcourus sont ceux créés par les utilisateurs agréés.
  • La recherche sur Wikipedia d'une correspondance est faite par un algorithme de l'API de Wikipedia. Celui-ci retourne généralement un unique article. Si plusieurs articles sont retournés, la section Wikipedia n'est pas ajoutée.

Exemples

Performances

La section "Wikipedia" a pu être ajoutée sur tous les articles de datafication biographique de la page Biographies.

Planification

Le bot doit être activé à chaque nouvel article d'un utilisateur agréé, ou à chaque modification du nom d'un article d'un utilisateur agréé. Si cela n'est pas possible, il peut être activé chaque semaine, ce qui semble être une fréquence adaptée au Bot.

Code

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
   
import lxml
import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import wikipedia
import re
import sys

# login, settings and format data
user='TotallyNotBot'
passw=XXX
baseurl='http://wikipast.epfl.ch/wikipast/'
summary='LinkBot update'
wikipediaHeader = '==Wikipedia=='
# Used for regex search in removeWikipediaContent
wikipedia.set_lang("fr")

# Constants

pageNotFound = -1
wikipediaLinkNotFound = -2

# - - - - - - -  

# Returns all the pages modified and added by the users of the course.
def getPageList():
    protected_logins=["Frederickaplan","Maud","Vbuntinx","Testbot","SparqlBot","IB","SourceBot","PageUpdaterBot","Orthobot","BioPathBot","ChronoBOT","Amonbaro","AntoineL","AntoniasBanderos","Arnau","Arnaudpannatier","Aureliver","Brunowicht","Burgerpop","Cedricviaccoz","Christophe","Claudioloureiro","Ghislain","Gregoire3245","Hirtg","Houssm","Icebaker","JenniCin","JiggyQ","JulienB","Kl","Kperrard","Leandro Kieliger","Marcus","Martin","MatteoGiorla","Mireille","Mj2905","Musluoglucem","Nacho","Nameless","Nawel","O'showa","PA","Qantik","QuentinB","Raphael.barman","Roblan11","Romain Fournier","Sbaaa","Snus","Sonia","Tboyer","Thierry","Titi","Vlaedr","Wanda"]
    
    liste_pages=[]
    for user in protected_logins:
        result=requests.post(baseurl+'api.php?action=query&list=usercontribs&ucuser='+user+'&format=xml')
        soup=BeautifulSoup(result.content,'lxml')
        for primitive in soup.usercontribs.findAll('item'):
            liste_pages.append(primitive['title'])
    
    liste_pages=list(set(liste_pages))

    return liste_pages


# get wikipedia link from page
# return format should be a string (e.g. page='Cern' returns 'https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CERN')
# if it cannot find the link, it should return the empty string ''.
def getWikipediaLink(page):
    try:
        page_wiki = wikipedia.page(page)
        return page_wiki.url

    except:
        return ''

# Get content returns the current content of a wiki page. Returns
# pageNotFound if either the page could not be found, or if the content
# is empty.
def getContent(page):
    try:
        result=requests.post(baseurl+'api.php?action=query&titles='+page+'&export&exportnowrap') 
        soup=BeautifulSoup(result.text,'lxml')
        data=''

        for primitive in soup.findAll("text"):
            # Check if the article is empty, if it is empty, return the empty string
            try:
                data+=primitive.string
            except:
                return data
        
        return data

    except:
        return pageNotFound


# Adds a new content (newContent) to the page
def addContent(page, newContent):
    # Login request
    payload={'action':'query','format':'json','utf8':'','meta':'tokens','type':'login'}
    r1=requests.post(baseurl + 'api.php', data=payload)

    #login confirm
    login_token=r1.json()['query']['tokens']['logintoken']
    payload={'action':'login','format':'json','utf8':'','lgname':user,'lgpassword':passw,'lgtoken':login_token}
    r2=requests.post(baseurl + 'api.php', data=payload, cookies=r1.cookies)

    #get edit token2
    params3='?format=json&action=query&meta=tokens&continue='
    r3=requests.get(baseurl + 'api.php' + params3, cookies=r2.cookies)
    edit_token=r3.json()['query']['tokens']['csrftoken']

    edit_cookie=r2.cookies.copy()
    edit_cookie.update(r3.cookies)

    payload={'action':'edit','assert':'user','format':'json','utf8':'','text':newContent,'summary':summary,'title':page,'token':edit_token}
    r4=requests.post(baseurl+'api.php',data=payload,cookies=edit_cookie)


# Add wikipedia content adds the old content with the wikipediaContent appeneded at the end of the page.
def addWikipediaContent(page, oldContent, wikipediaLink):

    wikipediaContent = wikipediaHeader + '\n' + wikipediaLink
    newContent = oldContent + '\n' + wikipediaContent
    addContent(page, newContent)


# Removes the wikipedia content from a page by using regex patterns.
def removeWikipediaContent(page):
    
    oldContent = getContent(page)

    if (oldContent == pageNotFound):
        return

    if re.search(wikipediaHeader, oldContent) is not None:

        stringArray = oldContent.split('\n')

        newContent = ''
        headerFound = False
        for line in stringArray:
            if not headerFound:

                if line == wikipediaHeader:
                    headerFound = True
                else:
                    newContent += (line + '\n')
            else:
                headerFound = False

        addContent(page, newContent)


# Main program which for every page in getPages(), (i.e. the biographies) if the page has no wikipedia content,
# then it will add the corresponding wikpedia link.
def main():
    

    print('LinkBot starting...')

    # load pages ]o add Wikipedia links
    page_list = getPageList()
    # lists for data (which links could not be found, which have been added already?)
    page_list_without_wikipedia_link = []
    page_list_already_with_link = []
    page_list_new_wiki = []

    for page in page_list:

        ## This also verifies if the page can be accessed. If it cannot, oldContent will be
        ## equal to pageNotFound and hence nothing is added
        oldContent = getContent(page)

        wikipediaLink = getWikipediaLink(page)

        # If there is a non verified wikipedia link, delete it
        if wikipediaHeader in oldContent and wikipediaLink == '':
            removeWikipediaContent(page)

        # Check if a Wikipedia link has already been added.
        if oldContent != pageNotFound and wikipediaHeader not in oldContent:
            
            # If wikipediaLink is the null string then no appropriate link has been found.
            if (wikipediaLink != ''):
                addWikipediaContent(page, oldContent, wikipediaLink)
                page_list_new_wiki.append(page)

            else:
                page_list_without_wikipedia_link.append(page)

        else:
            page_list_already_with_link.append(page)


    # output data
    linksAdded = len(page_list) - len(page_list_without_wikipedia_link) - len(page_list_already_with_link)
    print(str(linksAdded) + ' links added to ' + str(len(page_list)) + ' pages.\n')

if __name__ == "__main__": main()

Wikipedia

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lintot